Getah untuk Pribumi programme is one of MRB’s initiatives to improve national productivity to 2,000 kg/ha/year which is in line with NKEA. The objectives are:
Three Orang Asli settlements covering an area of 130.0 hectares with 70 participants are involved in GUP Sarawak. The selected villages are from Kg Rambungan (42 participants) Kg Kangka (10 participants) and Kg Sebandar (18 participants). Participants are supplied with high yielding clones such as RRIM 2023, RRIM 3001 and PB 350.
As of November, a total of 50 hectares involving 41 participants has been cleared. Clearing and planting activities will be continued till end of December 2012.
As of September, land clearing process is still ongoing. Soil sampling, field Field Lining and Holing Activities have been conducted together with participants.
As at July 2012, land clearing is still in progress.
Fertilisation, corrective and control pruning activities are still carried out by the participants as activities in field maintenance. Root disease and pest attack has been reported and control measures are carried out from time to time.
For the young rubber plants that show evidence of white root disease, treatment was done by mixing 10g Bayleton fungicide with 1 litre of water and poured around the collar at which a pit is dug. For plants that died due to attack are removed and the planting hole is dusted with sulphur. A week later, replacement is done just beside the original planting point. A few young rubber plants at Mokhtar Pauh’s holding was attacked by termites and he used Chalcid (Fipronil 5%) for treatment at a rate of 15 ml in 1 litre of water for each plant.
On the condition of the damaged road due to heavy rain, it is reported that FELCRA will repair and further lengthen the road till it reaches the end of the GUP project area.
An addition of 9 participants was identified due to holdings being divided among the family members. But the total area still stands at 100 hectares even with the increase in participants to 50 people.
At the JK Pemandu Meeting in July, Kg Kangka and Kg Sebandar/Sempadi were removed from participating in the project because of the land title transfer problem. An area 99.57 hectare was completed planted. For Sarawak mortality census was not done yet.
An area of 90 hectares of 130 hectares land was cleared and 84.8 hectares land was planted with rubber plants.
Demonstrations on pruning and pest control were carried out with participants at Kg Rambungan in Minah bte Sulaiman’s holdings. To date, weed control and manuring activities are actively carried out at the participants’ lots.
Pruning Control and Root Disease Control activities with Participants
As of March, a total 90% of land clearing activities in Kg Rambungan, Lundu has been completed while in Kg Kangka, Lundu after receiving the confirmation form from Jabatan Tanah & Survei Sarawak. A total 28.9 hectare land clearing activities will start has been planted completely with rubber seedlings and will be fully completed by July 2013.
As of January, land clearing in Kampung Rambungan, Lundu has reached 80 hectare (62.7%). Clearing work was postponed due to the rain and difficulties in operating heavy equipment.
Currently, a total of 1,600 rubber trees were planted in 2.2 hectare of land from 28,000 that were being distributed.
Site clearing was carried out manually by participants at their farms. As of December 2014, 19.2 hectares or 30% of the 64 hectares total land area had been cleared. At the level plain formerly planted with padi, the work involved the clearing of grass and weeds as well as controlled burning. Meanwhile at the new forest clearings, small trees on the lower slopes were cut followed by the felling of larger trees. However, the manual method of clearing proved to be time consuming.
As at November 2014, a survey had been implemented on a total of 49 holdings. The average circumference of trees at the farms was found to be 11.96cm. The second annual census will be in August 2015.
It was reported that some participants did not undertake pruning at their holdings. Thus, in the introduction of Good Agricultural Practices (Amalan Pertanian Baik, APB) to the participants, besides weed control and fertilising, twig pruning was also given emphasis.
The girth measurement for the holdings is currently being carried out. As of today, there are a total of 38 holdings were surveyed up till September with an average diameter of 10.32cm. Diseases surveillance activities were also being carried out in all of the participant’s holdings with the help of Ms Azimah Izhar, Assistant Research Officer of the Integrated Disease and Pest Management, MRB.
One participant, Mr Bawi Bin Hashim had to sell his land to Mr Latif Bin Abd Rahman and being accepted to be a participant in GUP Kampung Rambungan. As a new participant, he has been exposed to good agricultural practices, guidance on holing and lining of the tress that had died to ensure the rubber trees will grow well in the future.
In June it was reported that trees’ growth was in good condition. Weed control and manuring activities were done as scheduled.
The 3 km Farm Road built by contractors under FELCRA Ltd. in 2013 was faulty (potholes) due to the contractors’ heavy vehicles which supplied rocks and culverts. The growth of rubber trees was affected (exposed tree roots) by the road widening. Letters of reprimand were sent to FELCRA for appropriate action.
Reported that farm maintenance activities could not be fully implemented at all participants farm due to the uncertain weather and improper road condition. Dead trees’ replacement activities were also limited as seeds transfer from transit site to farm has to go through damaged pathway due to the heavy rain.
Reporting that trees’ growth is in good condition and the average girth measurement for 9 farms was 10.24 cm.
Serious white root disease problem was detected at 4 participants’ farms. However, control measure had been taken by using Bayleton at the base of the trees and trench-digging to avoid affecting other healthy roots.
It was reported that the total area planted with rubber trees in 38.52 ha and 1.54 ha is still doing the planting activity. Monitoring of the holding was conducted and plotting plan activity was carried out in 3 out of the participants’ holdings.
Maintenance activity was also done according as scheduled. For the remaining seeds of the 2 swirl leaves that have been destroyed by floods at the transit nursery, it will be replaced in February 2016. Training and guidance for the participants were also carried out according to schedule.
The girth measurement was carried out at 27 holdings with an average diameter of 24.11 cm. The holding that was surveyed were planted with clones namely RRIM3001, RRIM2025, PB350 and PB260.
Apart from that, White root disease was detected at several of the particpants’ holdings. There were advised to apply treament, destroy or burn the affected trees. The infected rate is estimated ±5 for each of the holdings. Maintenance of the holdings and guidance sesión will be carried out as planned.
As of September 2015, clearing activities have reached an area of 61.0 hectares or 95 percent of the total reserves of land. An area of 36.36 hectares is reported to have planted with rubber trees and 2.0 acres are in the process of cultivation. The maintenance work have been carried out according as scheduled. Vegetables integration have also being practiced by some of the participants for their own use and for sale.
It is reported that the root disease still occur despite preventive measures being carried out by the participants by spraying with crest of 25 wp. However, there was no effect and now they are using a Tilt fungicide as adopted in Semenanjung Malaysia to address the root disease problem. The highest infection rate was recorded in two joint estate of 4.28% of the total planted area. Training, guidance and control of root diseases are being carried out and monitored to prevent it from spreading.
Maintenance work were carried out according to as scheduled. Diameter shaft census have been carried out for the second year in the 4 holdings and it is found that the average size of the circumference of the shaft is 24.2 cm.
Given the age and income of participants, most of the participants are working in the city to cover the daily expenses while waiting for the trees to be tapped. The holdings is now being managed by those who are old and and listless.
As of June, an area of 56.4 hectare was completely cleared and 28.13 hectare of land has been completely planted with rubber trees. Land clearing activities were delayed due to flooding and paddy harvesting season in March until April.
Field maintenance was done according to schedule. Almost 25,000 two whorl rubber seedlings were distributed according to clone to the participants to be planted by phases.
As of June, it was reported that all field maintenance was done according to schedule. However, there are several participants who do not execute maintaining the holdings well. Root diseases were also detected in two lot’s participants because they did not implement disease control.
Girth measure for the second year will be conducted in August and it was reported that the road built by FELCRA had destroyed due to monsoon season and has yet to be repaired.
As of March, a total 41 hectare (64%) of land was cleared and the land was formerly planted with paddy. Now, a total 9.02 hectare has been completely planted with rubber trees. Apart from that, a total of 6,425 two whorls were distributed to participants to be planted. It was reported that land clearing and planting activities will be re-activated at the end of April 2015 due to the overlapping with paddy harvesting activity.
As of March, a total five training and guidance sessions with participants were conducted. Activities that were being carried out during the training session are manuring activities, weed control, pruning, white root disease control and termite attack control.
For participants who did not implement the weed control according to schedule, warning letters were given and they will be monitored by the supervisor from time to time. Besides that, participants also requested for the bridge that was destroyed by the monsoon to be repaired as soon as possible.
Mortality census due to termites attack and white root disease will be conducted to get the latest stand per hectare in the participants’ lot.
It was reported the land clearing activities has reached 98.44% (63 ha) out of 64 ha. One of the MRB Board member had visitied the area where he suggested that MRB to plant fruits and vegetables and sell them to the hotels in Mulu in order to increase the income of the Penan people.
The first phase activity of measuring the circumference of the trees were almost done and the activity for 11 more holdings will be resumed in the 4th quarter. A two hectares of land were shared between 2 people that makes the total participants at this área is 41. Training sessions for the root disease control were carried out to all participants following the widespread attacked as were reported in the second quarter.
Girth measurement activity for the third phase will be done in fourth quarter of 2016. It was reported that the maintenance work will be carried out as scheduled and training session activities will be conducted every month according to the planting phase.
Maintenance and Monitoring activities were carried out as scheduled. To date, a total of 19 holdings have execute the plotting plan activities. It was also reported that at En Osen holding, a separation trench has been digged to control the root disease from spreading.
It was reported that, attacks of root diseases at the participants lots has increase remarkably (Table 1).
Maintenance and monitoring activities were carried out as scheduled. Training and guidance sesión were also conducted according to planting phase or when needed. It was reported that White root disease have attacked the tres at one of the participants holdings. So far, preventive measures have been conducted at the affected área.
Monitoring and maintenance of the holdings in the área are being carried out as planned. Clearing activities has been done as of 1st quarter of 2016 covering 95.31% with 61 ha of land. Monitoring visits and plotting plan activity is on-going to facilitate the WRD monitoring activity, border identification of clones, and to facilítate the girth data collection survey.
It was also reported that, several of the participants’ holdings in the área were affected with White root disease. However, control were then made by using CREST 25WP (A.I Triadmefon 25%).